What is transport?
| Roles of transport | Transport of the past | Transport of today |
Roles of transport
Railways
Railways have been constructed everywhere in Japan and they are very accessible. Many people take trains to commute to school or work. In order for us to travel faster and further with more comfort and safety, such improvements as designing new cars and building new railway lines have been done.
Shinkansens are symbolic vehicles in Japanese railways. Many people are involved in providing comfortable railway trips by connecting all over Japan with Shinkansens.
 
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Shinkansen line networks in Japan
Shinkansen line networks in Japan
Convention train line
Conventional train line
 
Shinkansen line
Shinkansen line
Automobiles
On the road, various kinds of automobiles, such as buses, taxis and trucks bring many things and people from one place to another. Bus transport is a common way to commute. The expansions of highway bus routes and the improvements of the city bus operations have been done to make the bus transport more comfortable.
In addition, many research and developments have been done to reduce pollution by exhaust gas. For example, they developed electric automobiles and natural gas automobiles.
 
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Truck transport
Truck transport
 
Bus terminal
Bus terminal
Marine transport
We mostly rely on marine transport when we export Japanese products and import necessaries and row materials. For domestic transport, ships are very useful too especially when we need to convey large goods such as cars, oil and steel plates. Ships are essential for those who live on small islands.
 
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Oil tanker
Oil tanker
Photograph supplied courtesy of The Japanese Shipowners’ Association
 
Car tanker
Car tanker
Photograph supplied courtesy of The Japanese Shipowners’ Association
Bulk carrier
Bulk carrier
Photograph supplied courtesy of The Japanese Shipowners’ Association
 
Small ferry
Small ferry
Photograph supplied courtesy of The Japan Passenger Boats Association
Shipbuilding
Japan is well-known for building good ships. The ships built using the Japanese advanced technology are highly evaluated in the country and overseas. The neighbouring country of Japan, South Korea is the world's largest shipbuilding nation (as of 2002 and 2003).
To meet the worldfs expectations, the shipbuilders in Japan are trying to develop more useful and efficient shipbuilding.
And they contribute to the creation of new ocean space with those technologies.
 
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Shipbuilder
Shipbuilder
 
Techno super liner “Hisho”
Techno super liner “Hisho”, ultra high-speed ship using the most advanced technology
Mega float
New maritime space Mega float
Ports and Harbours
99.7% of both imported and exported goods go through ports and harbours (as of 2004). The ports and harbours support our life and industrial activities. In other words, they are lifelines of Japan. We need to keep the ports and harbours ready for ships from all over the world.
 
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Port of Tokyo
Port of Tokyo
 
Port of Nagoya
Port of Nagoya
Airplanes and Airports
Traveling abroad, sending airmails and transporting by air (air transport) are all necessary for our life. Planes fly from one airport to another. As air transport becomes more frequent, we improve the airports in order to accept more flights from other countries or areas. We also reconstruct the facilities in the passenger and cargo terminals to make air transport and travels better.
 
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Loading and unloading air cargoes
Loading and unloading of air cargoes
 
Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport